With a stall based in Sarojini Nagar Babu Market, Dinesh Kumar Dixit has sold bangles in New Delhi for over 40 years. Here Dinesh selects bangles to be sold at his stall, New Delhi, Mar. 6, 2019 (AtlasNetwork.org Photo / Bernat Parera).

Street vendors are an integral part of life in India. Vegetables, fruits, milk, clothing—everything people need for day-to-day living is available from sellers who trade in the open-air.

Dinesh Kumar Dixit sells bangles in Sarojinia Nagar Babu Market in New Delhi, India (AtlasNetwork.org Photo / Bernat Parera).

Dinesh Kumar Dixit is one of those street vendors—known locally as a “rehri-patri walla”—and he’s spent the last 40 years standing on a Delhi street, selling the sort of glass bangles that are a specialty
of Firozabad, his hometown in Uttar Pradesh. According to India’s Ministry of Housing and Urban
Poverty Alleviation, there are 10 million street vendors like Dinesh in India—600,000 just in Delhi.

A woman browses the bangles on offer at Dinesh’s stand at Sarojini Nagar Babu Market, New Delhi, Mar. 6, 2019 (AtlasNetwork.org Photo / Bernat Parera).

When Dinesh moved to Delhi, his knowledge of bangles was the only way he knew how to make a living. Money was scarce, so he slept on footpaths and loaned out his wife’s jewelry for 28,000 rupees (USD 400), so that he’d have enough money to start a small street vending business as a bangle seller.

A young woman browses Dinesh’s selection of bangles at Sarojini Nagar Babu Market, New Delhi, Mar. 6, 2019 (AtlasNetwork.org Photo / Bernat Parera).

But for decades Dinesh was at the mercy of the police, local authorities, and municipality of Delhi, who would either evict vendors or harass them by forcing them to pay bribes.

“I have maintained a record of every single fine/challan (ticket) that I have paid for the last 41 years…I felt helpless and had no voice to fight the system but I continued my struggle.”

“I have maintained a record of every single fine/challan (ticket) that I have paid for the last 41 years,” recalls Dinesh. “The police would come take my stuff and fine me. I’d refuse to pay bribes and they’d confiscate my stuff. I felt helpless and had no voice to fight the system but I continued my struggle.”

Dinesh has maintained an index of every fine, fee, ticket, and confiscation of his property since 1978. (AtlasNetwork.org Photo / Bernat Parera).

Dinesh and other millions of street vendors in India—who answer to regional names such as hawker, pheriwala, rehri-patri walla, footpath dukandars, sidewalk traders—were all at the mercy of the police before the Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street Vending) Act was passed. Centre for Civil Society, an Atlas Network partner in India, was instrumental in advancing this
groundbreaking legislation, which helps street vendors like Dinesh have a voice in the system.

The Street Vendors Act secures the rights of street vendors to have a livelihood and fosters a congenial environment for urban vendors to ply their trade without harassment or eviction from the local authorities. The legislation also provides for the establishment of Town Vending Committees (TVCs) that look into matters affecting street vendors. Representatives are elected to the committee to address issues such as new locations for vending zones and identifying vendors.

Dinesh has sold bangles in New Delhi for 41 years (AtlasNetwork.org Photo / Bernat Parera).

Today, Dinesh is an elected member of one such Town Vending Committee in New Delhi. He attributes his success to his source of inspiration—his wife—who passed away three years ago.

From living on a footpath to being able to build his own house, Dinesh considers himself a very fortunate man. His family has been his most important source of support and comfort. Today, he shares his home with his son, daughter-in-law, nephews, and three grandkids. Every morning the entire family comes together to pray and enjoy a hearty meal together before Dinesh heads out for work.

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Today Dinesh is an elected member of his Town Vending Committee (AtlasNetwork.org Photo / Bernat Parera).
“I feel empowered and now with the support of other vendors, I too have a voice in the system.”

Despite becoming a respected member of the community, he hasn’t forgotten his roots. He still opens his shop daily in the same market of Sarojini Nagar in Delhi, where he’s sold bangles for the last 41 years. He goes to the warehouse to pick merchandise, and he and his son run their successful business together. As a TVC member, Dinesh devotes his time to improving the lives of other street vendors. The same local authorities who wouldn’t listen to him now sit across the table as Dinesh challenges them if they fail to listen to the issues of street vendors. “I feel empowered and now with the support of other vendors, I too have a voice in the system,” he says with pride.

Dinesh’s larger-than-life personality is on full display when hosting long-time friends in his home (AtlasNetwork.org Photo / Bernat Parera).

Dinesh often spends time with his old friends in the market—other vendors who have celebrated
with him as he’s built his business and raised a family. They often refer to his success as “Farsh se Arsh tak”—from sitting on the floor and selling bangles, to now having a seat at the table with local authorities. He represents the changing face of India’s street vendors, who have been empowered through the local support of think tanks.

Dinesh’s successful career now involves his son and nephews, and the empowerment he has felt now inspires him to set his sights on even bigger goals (AtlasNetwork Photo / Bernat Parera).

At 63, Dinesh is planning to run for office as a member of the legislative assembly (MLA) in India. “If the chaiwala [tea seller] can be the Prime Minister of India, why can’t a chudiwala [bangle seller] be an MLA?” asks Dinesh proudly.

Indeed, why not?

“If the chaiwala [tea seller] can be the Prime Minister of India, why can’t a chudiwala [bangle seller] be an MLA?”

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