Peter J. Boettke is University Professor of Economics and Philosophy at George Mason University and Director of the F.A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at the Mercatus Center. He received his PhD in economics from George Mason University in 1989. Before joining the faculty at George Mason University in 1998, Boettke taught at New York University. Boettke was a National Fellow at the Hoover Institution for War, Revolution and Peace at Stanford University during the 1992-1993 academic years and the F. A. Hayek Fellow in 2004 and 2006 at the London School of Economics. The author of numerous books and articles, he has a particular interest in the ways that institutional arrangements shape entrepreneurial behavior in transitioning, weak, and failed states. His publications include Why Perestroika Failed: The Politics and Economics of Socialist Transformation, Calculation and Coordination: Essays on Socialism and Transitional Political Economy, Challenging Institutional Analysis and Development: The Bloomington School, Robust Political Economy for the 21st Century, and Living Economics: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow.